A
PROFILE
Laman Web Staf UPM
PROF. MADYA DR. RUSMAWATI BINTI SAID
KETUA PROGRAM
SEKOLAH PERNIAGAAN DAN EKONOMI
rusmawati
BM
EN

Determining Factors Influence Out-of-Pocket Health Expenditure among the Low-Income Group in Malaysi

- 30 Jul 2021

International Journal of Academic Research in Busi
Abstract

A substantial proportion of the population is still struggling to achieve socioeconomic and good health, i.e., the low-income groups. The low-income group in Malaysia might bear a higher burden of out-of-pocket health expenditure (OOPHE) and health challenges, mainly related to non-communicable diseases (NCD). The costs are sometimes high enough so that households cannot recuperate them from existing resources and lead them to financial problems. This study analyzed the factors associated with OOPHE among B40 group in Malaysia using nationwide data from the 2015 National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS). Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression analysis is used to study the factors associated with OOPHE. This study suggests that the gender (female) of household, income, T20 income group, tertiary education, unpaid worker, retire, and NCD raises the likelihood of incurring OOPHE. The result for a private employee, self-employed, and insurance status is spending less on OOPHE. Therefore, the results show a clear need for government action to enhanced primary healthcare programs and a focus on achieving Universal Health Coverage. This situation can protect the household from OOPHE financial burden and NCD, exceptionally low-income earners.

IMEJ RAWAK
ARTIKEL
Komuniti Lestari Wadah Penting Pembangunan Negara_Melaka Hari Ini
Kampung Pulau Semut is the First Village Pioneering Green Community Program
Are Jobs Available in the Market? A Perspective from the Supply Side
Determining Factors Influence Out-of-Pocket Health Expenditure among the Low-Income Group in Malaysi
Measuring Mismatch Unemployment in the Malaysia Labour Market
International Expert Panel for Policy Paper with International Labour Organization (IL0)
UPM Cipta Sistem COPMOS Ukur Bilangan Tenaga Kerja Sektor Pembinaan
BLOG